Breeding goals

The basic principle of the flockbook TES is to preserve and to improve further the quality of the purebred white Texel as much as possible.
The breeding goal is based on the following:

  • Exterior: in accordance with the breed description.
  • Lamb production: an adult ewe raises an average of 2 lambs.
  • Growth potential: rapid growth of the lambs.
  • Characteristics: functional sheep with longevity.
  • Slaughter quality: optimization of the carcass quality.

Breed description

  • The Texel is a medium sized sheep.
  • The Texel lambs once a year. Mature ewes usually give birth to and rear two lambs per litter. The first pregnacy can already be at the age of 1.
  • The Texel has a excellent carcass quality and the fat coverage is optimal.
  • The body of the Texel is well built, square shaped and of bulky appearance.
  • The head is full of expression, has good proportions and the nose is straight with a broad muzzle. Pigments on the nose are black and a covering of white hair on the head is preferred.
  • The neck is sufficiently long and correctly positioned.
  • The entire body is full of meat with extra muscling on the loins and thighs. The front-, center, and rear give a well balanced appearance.
  • The front is deep and broad with a well-placed, longish shoulders and the body has a chest bone that continues sufficiently far forward.
  • The middle is long, broad with weel sprung ribs and strong, broad loins.
  • The hindquarters broad and sloping slightly.
  • The legs are of a fine bone structure but of a sufficient strength, powerful both in movement as standing.
  • The body is covered with a white and protective fleece. The wool itself is of a fine thread, close-stapled and doesn’t contain excessive wool grease. The head and legs are without wool but covered with fine white hair.
  • The tail is fine, of suitable length, fitting the rest of the body.

Lamb production

  • Ewes should be able to give birth at the age of 1 with an average of 1,3 lamb.
  • Ewes older than 2 years should be able to produce an average of two lambs each year.

Growth potential

Lambs must have the ability to grow to a weight of 44 kilograms at the age of 135 days.

Maternal characteristics

  • Easy and natural birth process.
  • Good milk production.
    The milk production of a ewe is such she can suckle 2 lambs under normal conditions and her lambs ought to achieve an average growth rate of 300 grams/day each in the lactation period.
  • Longevity.
    A sheep must be able to function for at least 6 years without any problems. To achieve this there has to be a strong selection and culling of sheep with health problems such as: breathing difficulties, udder problems (particularly mastitis), dental abnormalities and birth problems.
  • High lambing rate.
    9 % of the ewes older than 2 years has to throw lambs.

Slaughter quality.

At the SEUROP-classification 75% of the lambs score E or higher. Lambs have a killing-out percentage of at least 50% or more. Excellent carcass comformation: favourable meat/bone ratio and a optimal fat coverage.

Schapenstamboek TES juli 2003.